Nature Reserves :

  • As Saleel Nature Park
    The Park is located in the AL Kamil and AL Wafi in A`Sharqiyah Region Sur City.
  • Al-Dimaniyat Islands Nature Reserve
    Al-Dimaniyat Islands Nature Reserve is located in Wilayat AlSeeb in the Muscat Governorate Al Batinah Region.
  • Dhofar Lagoons
    Lagoons abound in Dhofar Governorate.
  • Oman Botanic Garden
    The Botanic Garden contains a set of documented living plants for scientific research, as well as for conservation and display.
  • Arabian Oryx Protected Area
    This sanctuary is located in the AlWasta Region (central region).
  • Wadi Sireen Reserve
    The Reserve is located in the eastern AlHajar Mountains about 45 kilometers south of Muscat.
  • Turtle Reserve
    The beaches extending from Ras Al Hadd to Masirah Island in the A`Sharqiyah Region Sur City.

The Wadis (Valleys) :

Wadis(Valleys) form a unique environmental system characterized by variety, diversity, and a wealth of natural attractions. Within this fertile environment, people have lived in the wadis (valleys) of Oman for thousands of years. Hawiyat Najm Park The park is situated in the Dabab area of Wilayat Qurayat, Muscat Governorate, and can be reached via the road linking Qurayat to Sur. It is a deep natural depression filled with water, called Hawiyat Najm. The locals say that a meteor fell on this spot of land, resulting in the natural depression and forming a small lake.

  • Wadi Ar Rawdha
    On the way to this valley the visitor passes many fossils and ruins that speak of civilizations past. The spring rains bring beauty to the landscape, with an enchanting aromatic mix of wild flowers.
  • Wadi Sireen Reserve
    The Reserve is located in the eastern AlHajar Mountains about 45 kilometers south of Muscat.
  • Teeq Cave and Tawi Ateer Sinkhole
    known as the ‘Bird Well’ gained international fame after its discovery in 1997 by a team of Slovenian explorers in collaboration with Sultan Qaboos University Governorate of Dhofar.
  • Wadi Al Arbiyeen
    This is one of the most beautiful wadis in Muscat Governorate. It is situated 3 kilometers away from Wilayat Qurayat on the road leading to the villages of Fins and Bamah.
  • Wadi Al Hawqayn
    Distances of about 40 and 150 kilometers separates it from Wilayat Ar Rustaq and Muscat Governorate.
  • Wadi Al Qahfi
    This is located nearly 50 km (31 miles) from Wilayat Mahdah, Al Buraymi Governorate.
  • Wadi Bani Kharous
    This is one of the best known Omani wadis. A visitor to Wadi Bani Kharous is attracted by its fascinating flora and fauna and beautiful landscapes.
  • Wadi Damm
    Wadi Damm is located near Al Ayn village, Wilayat Ibri, A`Dhahirah Region.
  • Wadi Danak (Fida)
    This wadi originates in Fida town in Dhank Province, specifically in Al Khili, an area so steep it is considered a water reservoir for Yanqul and Shuab wadis, whose waters cascade down the face of the mountains. Wadi Danak’s water runs all year round and is home to a multitude of birds. Flanking this wadi on both banks are picturesque villages, which prompted Dhank Province to take A`Dhahirah Region as its emblem.
  • Wadi Dimma
    This valley is located in Dama Wataeen Wilayat A`Sharqiyah Region(Eastern Region.
  • Wadi Ad Dayqah
    Wadi Ad Dayqah is a tourist attraction, being one of the easy-to-reach wadis, located near Muscat Governorate.
  • Wadi Darbat
    Wadi Darbat is located in Dhofar Governorate.
  • Wadi Andam
    Its remoteness from the sea endows this wadi with a mellow climate, magical nature and tiered trees. Here you’ll find a seamless amalgamation of trees and rocky formations that will steep your sense.
  • Wadi An Nakhr
    Waterfalls cascading from Jabal Shams (Sun Mountain) form this valley. The valley contains a village that bears its name and which can be seen from the top of Jabal Shams.
  • Wadi AlShab
    This wadi is located in Tiwi, part of Sur in A`Sharqiyah Region(Eastern Region).

The Strait of Hormuz :

The reason for this name is that The Strait of Hormuz was in the centre of the Kingdom of Hormuz in ancient times. This strait, which 20-30 oil tankers traverse per day, is one of the world`s major waterways and the busiest in maritime activities. The Strait of Hormuz is located in the Governorate of Musandam on the Arabian Gulf and separates the Arabian Gulf on the one hand, and the Gulf of Makran, the Sea of Oman, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean on the other. This meeting point is called the "Gate of the Lion`s Jaws". Overlooking the Strait of Hormuz from the north is Iran (province of Bandar Abbas) and from the south the Sultanate of Oman (Musandam) which oversees the maritime traffic, as the navigable section of the Straits is within its territorial waters. Spreading across the Strait is a myriad of mountains and rocks forming several islands such as Salamah Wa Banatiha Island, Musandam Island and Birds Island (this island harbors many different species of birds that have made this village their haven for nesting). In spite of the importance of the Straits and the density of traffic in it, certain areas have been allocated to tourist ships so that the public can enjoy the beautiful scenery and experience the adventure of passing through one of the world’s most important waterways.

Mountains :

Mountains constitute a large percentage of the environment of Oman. The flora and fauna living in these mountains vary. Al Hajar Mountains are in the north of Oman and extend from Musandam Peninsula in the north to Ras Al Hadd in A`Sharqiyah Region. Wadi Samail divides it into two parts: east and west. Jabal Shams (Sun Mountain) summit is the highest point in the Al Hajar Mountains, rising at an altitude of 3,009 meters above sea level.

In the south, the mountains of Dhofar Governorate extend from east to west off Al Hillaniyat Islands. Samhan Mountain, which includes the Arabian Leopard Reserve in the east and Jabal Al Qamar (Moon Mountain) in the west, is the most prominent mountain range in the region, rising to an altitude of 2,500 meters.

  • Al Jabal Al Akhdar(Green Mountain)
  • Samhan Mountain
  • Jabal Shams (Sun Mountain)
  • Lion’s Jaws Gate
  • Natif- Hasik (Water Mountain)

Caves :

Caves in Oman are of varying types and lengths, sizes and geographic formations, and annually attract to Oman large numbers of speleologists. Dhofar Governorate contains a large number of caves, some of which have springs near them. In former times, residents of the mountainous areas used the caves as places of abode and safe havens from the vagaries of weather and nature.

  • Abu Habban Cave
    Located in Wilayat Dimma At Tayyin in the A`Sharqiyah Region(Eastern Region).
  • AlHoota Caves
    AlHoota Cave" lies in the southern part of Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain)A`Dakhiliyah Region
  • Al Kittan Cave
    Al Kittan Cave is located in wilayat Ibri, the A`Dhahirah Region.
  • Jernan Cave
    The cave is located in Wilayat Izki in the A`Dhahirah Region (interior region).
  • Majlis Al Jinn Cave (Salma Plateau)
    Out of sight in the heart of brown hills located at the foothills of the eastern Al Hajar Mountains hides one of the greatest and most beautiful natural wonders. It is the Majlis Al Jinn Cave.
  • Muqal Cave
    Muqal Cave is located in Wadi Bani Khalid A`Sharqiyah Region(Eastern Region).
  • Al Marnif Cave
    Al Marnif Cave lies in Shatti Al Mughsayl area about 40 kilometers from SalalahGovernorate of Dhofar.
  • Teeq Cave and Tawi Ateer Sinkhole
    Tawi Ateer Sinkhole, known as the ‘Bird Well’ gained international fame after its discovery in 1997 by a team of Slovenian explorers in collaboration with Sultan Qaboos University.

Deserts :

Oman’s name is closely associated with desert. The desert in Oman is an extension of the Bedouin lifestyle with its ancient associations of traditional culture and authentic original customs. The Omani desert is characterized by the diversity of its plants and animals. In Jeddah Al Harasis in Wilayat Hima AlWasta Region (the Central Region), there are many mammals within the boundaries of the Arabian Oryx Sanctuary.

  • Bawshar Sands
  • The Empty Quarter
  • A`Sharqiyah Sands
  • Ramlat Tawq

Beaches :

Oman’s coastline stretches for a distance of 3,165 kilometers, including beaches overlooking the Sea of Oman, the Arabian Sea and the Straits of Hormuz in the North. The nature of this coastal strip varies from tourist-friendly sandy beaches where summer holiday-makers hang out, and the rocky coasts, bays, islands and lagoons with their diverse geographical make-up, making them ideal for fishing and marine excursions. The most important beaches are:

  • Al Bustan Beach
  • Dhofar Beaches
  • Duqm Beach
  • Mutrah Corniche
  • AlQurm Beach
  • Ras Al Hadd Beach
  • Al-Sawadi Beach
  • Sohar Corniche
  • Shores of Al Wusta Region

Islands :

A group of islands are adjacent to Oman. Also, a number of smaller islands trail Barr Al Hikman Peninsula and Musandam Peninsula, especially in the Strait of Hormuz. The most famous islands in Oman are:

  • Barr Al Hikman (Al Hikman Peninsula)
  • Al-Dimaniyat Islands Nature Reserve
  • Al-Halaneyat Islands
  • Masirah Island

Water Springs :

The importance of the natural water springs varies according to the quality of their water, ranging from warm and cold water, fresh drinking water, saline and alkaline water, mixed with valley water which is suitable for agriculture. There is another kind of spring that contains varying proportions of mineral salts, making them ideal for curative and relaxation purposes.
Springs of different kinds are widespread in various parts of the Sultanate. Most of these springs stem from the mountainous areas, and vary in their abundance of water, temperature and quality including:

  • AlKasfah Spring
  • AthThawarah Spring
  • Natif- Hasik (Water Mountain)
  • Springs in Dhofar

The Akhwar ( Beach Lagoons) :

The Akhwar ( Beach Lagoons) represent an ecosystem in whose vicinity many living organisms exist. The lagoons spread along the coast of Oman from the top of the mountains (Musandam) in the north, through Al-Batinah Coast and the shores of the Ash Sharqiyah region, ending at the coasts of the Governorate of Dhofar in the south. Most of these lagoons were formed at the estuary of large valleys. Sea water is usually the water source of this type of lagoon, in addition to the fresh water originating in the valleys.

  • Khawr AlBatah
  • Khawr Al Maghsayl
  • Khawr Awqad
  • Khawr Al Baleed
  • Bandar Khayran Reserve
  • Khawr Ad Dahareez
  • Khawr Najd
  • Pink Lagoons
  • Khawr Al Qurm Al Sagheer and Al Qurm Al Kabeer
  • Khawr Ruri
  • Khawr Sham
  • Khawr Sawli
  • Khawr Taqah

Rock Garden :

The Rock Garden lies in Wilayt AdDuqm in the AlWasta Region (the central region). It is a vast area of strange art forms, naturally sculpted from rocks.